Sunday, October 27, 2013

2 Terroir: The climate of Terra Personas

The climate within the DO Montsant is influenced by the mountains. In the southern region it is also influenced by the Ebro river valley and by moist sea breezes.
The climate is Mediterranean with continental aspects which can rise to 35 deg C in the summer.

The mountains which partly protect the area from the sea breezes are responsible for the great contrast between day and night-time temperature during the final months of grape-ripening. These differences help to increase the level of polyphenols in the grapes which make more character to the wines.

Terra Personas is about 24 km removed from the mediterranean sea.

The average temperatures are around 15,5 Deg C. the average maximum temperatures are no more
than 22ºC. Winters tend to be cold and Summers hot and dry. Rainfall is between 450 and 550 mm a year which is unevenly distributed over the year. Rain falls mainly in autumn and spring. from the end of july the vines can have water stress. Which leads to more character, colour and texture to the grapes.

During the summer, the humid winds from the sea start to blow in the late afternoon. These winds bring much needed water during the dry months and leading up to grape ripening.

water on the grapes due to the differences in day and night temperatures, nice lose berries.

Monday, October 21, 2013

1 Terroir : The Soils of Terra Personas

different soil types and colours from our area!

We can basically identify three types of soil in the Montsant: 

- Panal: ( middle jar on the foto) Compact soils, limestone-based which show contact with river-bed sedimentation. A soil primarily composed of calcium carbonate and high in chalk or limestone.

A soft soil made primarily from fossilized seashells.

- Argilla, (3 jar on the left) red sandstone-based soils, with a high clay content which are to be found on the periphery of the wine appellation.

Arena, sandGravelly soils  ( not on the photo  looks like the last one on the right)made up of granitic sands which come from the erosion of

conglomerate rock formations. These can be found mainly in and around Falset. 
They have a low organic matter content and do not retain water very well.

 Llicorella ( 1 jar on the left) Stony soils,which are made up of silica slate. They have

very little organic matter.

 At Terra Personas we have the mix,  Loam, a crumble mixture of Panal, Arena, stones with a high content of chalk. This type of soil produces  fresh and floral wines with a right balance between the alcohol and acidity with abundant polyphenol. 

This type of soil  has a big moisture holding capacity, and that is a good thing,  because the vines have to help himself, because we  do not give extra water to them!

Soil type of Terra Personas, conglomerate ( concrete formed by nature!)

Soil type of Terra Personas, Lime soils with chalk layers.

Soil type of Terra Personas a mix of Panal and arena, with small or bigger stones in it

Wednesday, October 16, 2013

bubble bubble does the wines now!

Producing grapes is a lot of work. But only the beginning of a good wine! All the grapes are delivered to the bodega at the moment, we are ready in the vineyards. Some ploughing and the plants can have a break.

All those grapes are processed in the bodega, to specific standards for our Terra Personas wines. Small batches are all done by hand, and careful maintenance.  

The berrys get lose from the bunch, and transported to the temperature controlled tank for fermentation,and maceration.
Every grapes are separate fermented, different qualities to different batches. For the two red wines we produce. A part on inox and a part on barrels, to give the future a start..

Friday, October 11, 2013

Carinena from Terra Personas

Carinena,the proud grape of the Montsant
in this area it produce real quality!

With restricted yields of course and on old vines, Cariñena can excel. Producing structured wines with savoury, mineral flavours that faithfully reflect their terroirs. Old, low yielding Cariñena vines have been led a quality revolution over the last decade or so. Cariñena produces wines that can be astringent, long-lived and sturdy—ideal for adding backbone to fleshier, fruitier grapes such as  garnacha, with which it is often blended at Terra Personas.

As a wine, Carignan can be pretty tough too. The wine produced is typically high in rough tannins and acidity, so it takes some time to tame this variety.

Carignan adds characteristics such as body, color, fruitiness, and length. As it matures Carignan becomes softer and loses its astringency.  Our favorite for the red wines. 
The carinena planted in 1972 goes in our crianca wines the Terre Negra, and than aged on french wood for 9 months, a real surprise of complexity and taste. 
Terroir of the Montsant.

Carinena planted in 2001 on cordon T formation for the Terra Vermella red wines

Carinena a Vaso 1972 planted  for the Terra Negra wines.

Sunday, October 6, 2013

Repairing the stone walls.

Finally last  thursday and friday it have rained a little. We desperate need some water for the olives. It is very dry and our olives have to gain weight before the harvest of 15 november. But we do need more water to have a (excellent) good olive year.
Due to all that ( heavy ) rains the walls that holds our 45 terrasses together collapse some times. All these walls are handmade by our predecessors, those old Spanish farmers with enough time and skills to build these walls with there donkeys.
These walls is part of the culture heritage of this area, and  a pity when you do not restore these walls. 
(called Marges in Catalan)
Before restoration

After restoration
It is a lot of work, to repair these walls, 1,5  days for this piece! But very satisfactory to see the result. The big boulders first on the ground and staking up with smaller rocks up to the end. Meanwhile fill up with small stones and sand between the stones and the wall. And everything has to do in a certain angle otherwise we can do this again next year. 
Tomorrow we check the maturation of our last  grapes; Carinena and cabernet sauvignon, to be harvest in 10 days i think.